Hi everyone, Completely new here, but have had a bit of a dig around for an answer already. Not successfully! I'm British but live in France and am a registered freelancer but not VAT registered. My question is relevant to all freelancers, though. I provide a range of author services for fiction writers. This can be in all forms, from teaching to editing or putting together submission packages to agents and publishers. Most of this work occurs over email/messenger/video chat, though I do also run an online classroom. Most of my clients are either hobby writers, so not businesses, or self-publishing authors (a business, effectively). I just got a potential new client who is based in the middle east. Not a business but an end user of my services. It's a small job for now, but it came to my attention that where they live requires any business to charge VAT from the first sale. PLUS it needs to be registered for VAT or have an agent who can report and pay the tax. Otherwise the responsibility lies with the tax resident of the state in question but there's no information on how a personal end user (non-business) would file and pay those taxes. It seems upon further digging that this applies to Russia and S.Africa, amongst others, too. Mostly, it seems to refer to digital products but also e-services, which I think applies to me. Most advice on this subject refers the EU VAT rules surrounding automated downloadable digital products, which is a separate issue. How do freelancers servicing mostly personal users abide by all these different international rules and pay the taxes? Yes, I've looked into using freelancer platforms, but they require a lot of hoop-jumping and certain payment structures that won't suit some of my services (teaching in particular). Also, some of them freeze your account if you don't reach a certain activity level. I want somewhere I can send my international clients so they can pay and the VAT details will be automatically dealt with, without either of us having to learn a whole new platform to accomplish it. And without it costing more than the job earns. It seems this type of system has only been constructed for digital downloads so far. So, sorry it's long-winded, but I'm pulling my hair out on how to deliver my services worldwide and operate within all the laws. It's only a small job now, and I mostly have clients from countries that don't have this non-threshold rule, but I don't want to have to turn future work away if this comes up again. Anyone know about this? Thanks!